tv California State of the State CSPAN January 28, 2018 6:33pm-7:06pm EST
jerry brown delivers his final state of the state address at sacramento. he outlined his legislative parties, it including education and investment. high-speed rail construction, health care, and the criminal justice system. this is just over 30 minutes. [applause] [applause] gov. brown: thank you. thank you.
[applause] gov. brown: thank you. thank you. [applause] gov. brown: as my father used to say, i accept the nomination. [laughter] gov. brown: who knows? good morning. as our constitution requires, i'm here to report on the condition of our state. simply put, california is prospering. while it faces its share of difficulties, we should never forget the bounty and endless opportunities bestowed on this special place or the distance we have all traveled together these last few years. it is now hard to visualize -- or even remember -- the hardships, the bankruptcies, and
the home foreclosures so many experienced during the great recession. unemployment was above 12%. 1.3 million californians lost their jobs. in deficit was $27 billion 2011. this the coast of dystopia. the wall street journal saw the greek -- the great california exodus. the economist of london pronounced us the ungovernable state. and the business insider simply said "california is doomed." even today, you will find critics who claim that the california dream is dead. but i am used to that. back in my first term, a prestigious report told us that california had the worst business climate in america. in point of fact personal income in 1975, my first year as
governor, was $154 billion. $2.4, it has grown to trillion. in the last eight years alone, california's personal income has 2.8n $835 billion, and million new jobs have been created. [applause] very few places in the world can match that record. that is one of the reasons why confidence in the work that you are doing has risen so high. that contrasts sharply with the abysmal approval ratings given to the united states congress. certainly our on-time budgets are well received, thanks in large part to the lowering of the two-thirds vote to a simple majority to pass the budget. [applause] but public confidence has also been inspired by your passing -- with both republican and
democratic votes -- pension reform -- and do not minimize it, that was a big -- pension reform. it may not be the final one, but you did it, republicans and democrats. [applause] worker's compensation reform, another vote with republicans and democrats. the water bond, the rainy day fund, and the cap-and-trade program. by the way, you republicans, as i look over here, look over there, don't worry, i got your back. [laughter] [applause] all these programs are big and very important to our future. and their passage demonstrates that some american governments can actually get stuff done, even in the face of deepening partisan division. the recent fires and mudslides show us how much we are affected
by natural disasters and how we can rise to the occasion, the local level, the state level, and with major help from the federal government. i want to especially thank all of the firefighters, first responders, and the volunteers. [applause] these brave men and women answered the call to help their fellow neighbors. in some cases, even when their own homes were burning. here we see an example of people working together irrespective of party. the president himself has given california substantial assistance and the congressional leadership is now sponsoring legislation to help california,
as well as the other states that have suffered major disasters -- texas, florida, and the commonwealth of puerto rico. in this regard, we should never forget our dependence on the natural environment and the fundamental challenges it presents to the way we live. we can't fight nature. we have to learn how to get along with her. i want to say that again. we can't fight nature. we have to learn how to get along with her. that is not so easy. for thousands of years, this land now called california supported no more than 300,000 people. that is 300,000 people and they did that for thousands and thousands -- some people say as long as 20,000 years. today, 40 million people live in the same place and their sheer impact on the soils, the forests, and the entire ecosystem has no long-term precedent. that's why we have to innovate constantly and create all manner of shelter, machines, and
creative technologies. that will continue, but only with ever greater public and private investment. the devastating forest fires and the mudslides are a profound and growing challenge. eight of the state's most destructive fires have occurred in the last five years. last year's thomas fire in ventura and santa barbara counties was the largest in recorded history. the mudslides that followed were among the most lethal the state has ever encountered. in 2017, we had the highest average summer temperatures in recorded history. over the last 40 years, california's fire season has increased 78 days. in some places, it is nearly year-round. so we have to be ready with the necessary firefighting capability and communication systems to warn residents of impending danger. we also have to manage our forests and our soils much more intelligently.
toward that end, i will convene a task force composed of scientists and knowledgeable forest practitioners to review thoroughly the way our forests are managed and suggest ways to reduce the threat of devastating fires. they will also consider how california can increase resiliency and carbon storage capacity. trees in california should absorb co2, not generate huge amounts of black carbon and greenhouse gas as they do today when forest fire rages across the land. [applause] despite what is widely believed by some of the most powerful people in washington, the science of climate change is not in doubt. the national academies of science of every major country in the world, including russia and china, have all endorsed the mainstream view that human
caused greenhouse gases are trapping heat in the oceans and in the atmosphere and that action must be taken to avert catastrophic changes in our weather systems. all nations agree except one and that is solely because of one man -- our current president. here in california, we follow a different path. enlightened by top scientists at the university of california, stanford, and caltech, among others, our state has led the way. i will enumerate how, building and appliance efficiency standards, renewable electricity reaching 50% in just a few years. a powerful low-carbon fuel standard, incentives for zero-emission vehicles, ambitious policies to reduce short-lived climate pollutants like methane and black carbon, a u.n.-sponsored climate summit this september in san francisco, and the nation's only
functioning and comprehensive cap-and-trade system. i will shortly provide an expenditure plan for the revenues that the cap-and-trade auctions have generated. your renewing this program on a bipartisan basis was a major achievement and will ensure that we will have substantial sums to invest in communities all across the state, both urban and agricultural. [applause] the goal is to make our neighborhoods and farms healthier, our vehicles cleaner -- zero emission the sooner the better -- and all our technologies increasingly lowering their carbon output. to meet these ambitious goals, we will need 5 million zero-emission vehicles on the road by 2030. and we are going to get there, believe me. we only have 350,000 today so we have all got a lot of work. [applause]
think of all the jobs and how much cleaner our air will be then. when you passed cap-and-trade legislation, you also passed a far-reaching air pollution measure that, for the first time, focuses on pollutants that disproportionately affect specific neighborhoods. instead of just measuring pollutants over vast swaths of land, regulators will zero in on those communities which are particularly disadvantaged by trains, trucks, or factories. [applause] along with clean air, clean water is a fundamental good that must be protected and made available on a sustainable basis. when droughts occur, conservation measures become imperative. in recent years, you have passed historic legislation to manage california's groundwater, which local governments are now implementing.
in addition, you passed -- and more than two-thirds of voters approved -- a water bond that invests in safe drinking water, conservation, and storage. as a result, we will soon begin expending funds on some of the storage we've needed for decades. [applause] as the climate changes and more water arrives as rain instead of snow, it is crucial that we are able to capture the overflow in a timely and responsible way. that, together with recycling and rainwater recapture will put us in the best position to use water wisely and in the most efficient way possible. we are also restoring the sacramento and san joaquin watersheds to protect water supplies and improve california's iconic salmon runs. finally, we have the california waterfix, a long studied and
carefully designed project to modernize our broken water system. i am convinced that it will conserve water, protect the fish and the habitat in the delta, , and ensure the delivery of badly needed water to the millions of people who depend on california's aqueducts. local water districts, in both the north and south, are providing the leadership and the financing because they know it is vital for their communities, and for the whole state. that is true, and that is the reason why i have persisted. our economy, the sixth largest in the world, depends on mobility, which only a modern and efficient transportation system provides. the vote on the gas tax was not easy, but it was essential, given the vast network of roads and bridges on which california depends and the estimated $67 billion in deferred maintenance on our infrastructure. tens of millions of cars and
trucks travel over 330 billion miles a year. the sun is only 93 million miles away. the funds that sb 1 makes available are absolutely necessary if we are going to maintain our roads and transit systems in good repair. 25 other states have raised gas taxes. even the u.s. chamber of commerce has called for a federal gas tax because the highway trust fund is nearly broke. government does what individuals can't do, like build roads and bridges and support local bus and light rail systems. this is our common endeavor by which we pool our resources through the public sector and improve all of our lives. fighting a gas tax may appear to be good politics, but it isn't. i will do everything in my power to defeat any repeal effort that gets on the ballot. you can count on that. [applause]
i am looking for that one republican. a brave man. [laughter] all right. since i have talked about tunnels and transportation, i will bring up one more item of infrastructure, high-speed rail. [applause] i make no bones about it. i like trains and i like high-speed trains even better. so did the voters in 2008 when they approved the bond. 11 other countries have high-speed trains.
they are now taken for granted all over europe, japan, and china. president reagan himself said in japan on november 11, 1983, "the state of california is planning to build a rapid speed train that is adapted from your highly successful bullet train." yes, we were, and now we are actually building it. takes a long time. [applause] like any big project, there are obstacles. there were for the bay area rapid transit system, for the golden gate bridge, and for the panama canal. i will pass over in silence the time it took to build the area bridge, that was almost 20 years and it was over budget by $6 billion on a one billion dollar project, so that happens. [laughter] not with the high-speed rail, we've got that one covered.
build it they did, all those projects, and build it we will, america's first high-speed rail system. one link between san jose and san francisco, an electrified caltrain, is financed and ready to go. another billion, with matching funds, will be invested in los angeles to improve union station as a major transportation hub and fix the anaheim corridor. [applause] the next step is completing the valley segment and getting an operating system connected to san jose. yes it costs a lot of money, but it is still cheaper and more convenient than expanding airports, which nobody wants to do, and building new freeways, which land owners often object to, to meet the growing demand. it will be fast, quiet, and powered by renewable electricity , and best of all, it will last for 100 years. after all of you guys are gone.
[applause] already, more than 1,500 construction workers are on the job at 17 sites and hundreds of california businesses are providing services, generating thousands of job years of employment. as the global economy puts more americans out of work and lowers wages, infrastructure projects like this will be a key source of well-paid, california jobs. [applause] difficulties challenge us, but they can't discourage or stop us. whether it's roads or trains or dams or renewable energy installations or zero-emission cars, california is setting the pace for the entire nation. [applause]
yes, there are critics, there are lawsuits, lots of them, and there are countless obstacles. but california was built on dreams and perseverance and the bolder path is still our way forward. [applause] in addition to infrastructure and physical investments, california spends huge sums for services which affect people directly, such as education, health care, and our criminal justice system. in education, after seeing 30,000 teachers laid off, spending has dramatically recovered, increasing by $4,600 per student, $31 billion overall. we will also be able to completely fund the local control funding formula, which directs money to those schools with the greatest challenges. for decades, school districts had widely disparate funding
until the serrano against priest decision mandated equal funding for all children. now with our current formula, the most disadvantaged districts will get substantially more -- not just equal funding. [applause] importantly, this year's budget proposes to link spending with the local accountability plans so that parents can see how the additional spending supports english learners and students from low-income families. it is no secret that kids from more privileged backgrounds generally do better on standardized tests. but the answer is not more micro-management with intrusive state laws. learning takes place in the classroom and that's why our first job is to support teachers and give them the training and the freedom to teach as they know best. [applause]
with respect to higher education, it is clear just how much of our prosperity depends on the intellectual contributions of our institutions of higher learning. national leaders come from all over the world to visit california's most innovative companies, companies that are filled with highly educated and creative men and women -- many of whom graduated from our public colleges and universities. although there is always a struggle for funds, i want to point out that since 2011, the state has increased its annual support of higher education by $5.8 billion. that is on an annual basis from now on. that is $1.2 billion for uc,
$1.6 billion for csu, $2.4 billion for the community colleges, and $623 million in additional financial aid. [applause] and that is not chump change. $5.8 billion. even with so many of our students attending college, there is still 2.5 million californians between 25 and 34 who are in the workforce but lack a postsecondary degree or certificate. these men and women often go out of state and pay high tuition at for-profit institutions to improve their skills and employability. for this group, i want to create the california online college so these overlooked californians can get the training they need conveniently and at very low cost. you can applaud that. i know you -- [applause]
this won't compete with richer lawyer schools are community colleges. this is for people out of the workforce who have no other way. we want to bring it right to their homes so they can get ahead like everybody else. [applause] when it comes to health care, california has boldly embraced the affordable care act by enrolling 5 million more people into our medi-cal program and 1.3 million into the california health exchange, covered california. [applause] these are really far-reaching moves but are largely dependent on tens of billions of federal dollars that would have been taken away by the congress had the effort to repeal and replace succeeded. thank god for john mccain, lisa
murkowski, and susan collins. along with the democrats, they prevailed and protected health care for tens of millions of americans. [applause] finally, i want to say something about public safety. nothing is more fundamental than an abiding sense on the part of people that they can enjoy their lives, safe and secure, free from crime. good neighborhoods, good schools, and good jobs all contribute to healthy and safe communities. but there still is crime. lots of it and, in many cases, quite serious. to combat crime, among other things, california has created an extensive prison system that has changed quite substantially and grown over the decades. in fact, it grew so fast, it became so crowded that the united states supreme court
issued an unprecedented order requiring drastic changes. to give you a sense of the magnitude of the problem, here are some of the facts. in 1970, california imprisoned 125 persons per 100,000. that number now stands at 331. the corrections budget then was about 3% of the general fund. now it is 8.9%, about $12 billion. yet, last year, the number of reported felonies was actually lower than it was in 1970. in 1965, the california penal code had about 234,000 words. i actually got some people to count them. [laughter] today, that number has grown to 1.2 million. by comparison, the ten commandments run just under 300 words. [laughter] [applause]
and the ten commandments, there are still ten. [laughter] in california, there are more than 5,000 separate criminal provisions specifying what is criminal, what the penalties should be, what enhancements should be added, and what credits might be earned. much of this has changed and changed over and over again and churned over the decades as the legislature has enacted endless new crime laws and the voters have approved one ballot measure after another, usually, but not always, adding ever more time in prison. my plea is relatively straightforward. take time to understand how our system of crime and punishment has evolved, how other states and countries have devised their prison systems, and what changes might we now make. i urge that instead of enacting new laws because of horrible crimes and lurid headlines, you consider the overall system and
what it might need and what truly protects public safety. certainly, we need more mental health and drug treatment programs and better training and education. [applause] those we are getting, but more is needed, particularly hope. hope, as you know, is one of the theological virtues along with faith and charity. when a human being gets a 20-or 40-year sentence, as tens of thousands do, incentives to reform weaken and hopelessness and violence take over, making prison gang influence all the more powerful. that is why recent measures are so vital which allow the possibility, and only the possibility, of earlier parole and milestone credits for those who turn their lives around. [applause]
equally important are the correctional officers who walk the halls and put their lives on the line in direct contact with all manner of inmate. their job is to keep the place safe, never an easy task, and to create an atmosphere of respect and order and foster a spirit of rehabilitation whenever possible. there are thousands of others who work in the prisons who also deserve our support. it is all out of sight, but profoundly important because inmates will be returning to their communities -- most of them will, and we want them to be as reformed and rehabilitated as possible. [applause] for the rest, there is much we can do together before this year ends. these are truly exciting times, full of possibilities but also full of danger.
just this morning, the preeminent science and security board of the bulletin of the atomic scientists moved the minute hand of the doomsday clock 30 seconds closer to catastrophe. it is now 2 minutes to midnight, as close as it was at the height of the cold war in 1953. our world, our way of life, our system of governance, all are at immediate and genuine risk. endless new weapons systems, growing antagonism among nations, the poison in our politics, climate change. all of this calls out for courage, for imagination, and for generous dialogue. in recent days, hundreds of thousands took to the streets in cities across america to participate in the women's march. at the same time, activists championed the cause in our nation's capital of those young people we call the dreamers. in all this, california was in the forefront, showing the way.
but there is much more to do. much more to do. all of us, whatever our party or velocity, have a role to play in -- philosophy, have a role to play in defending and advancing our democracy. the forbearers set the example. as you may know, my own great grandfather, august schuckman, in 1849 sailed to america on a ship named perseverance. he persisted against all the odds and made it to sacramento three years later. and yes, we, too, will persist against storms and turmoil, obstacles great and small. the spirit of democracy never dies. it's alive in this chamber, in the hearts of californians, and in people throughout the land. let this be a great year -- for california, for our nation, and for our future. thank you. [cheers and applause]
keep going, i am in no hurry. nowhere to go. >> the president of the united states. >> tuesday night, president donald trump gives his first state of the union address to congress and the nation. join us on c-span for a preview starting at 8:00 p.m. eastern. my than 9:00 p.m., following the speech, the democratic response
from congressman joe kennedy read we also hear your reaction and congress. president trump's state of the union address, tuesday night, live on c-span. listen on the free c-span radio app and on your desktop, phone, or tablet at c-span.org. >> rhode island governor genome or mondo delivers her fourth state of the union address outlining proposals for a $1 million investment in school construction and a training program for people recovering from opioid addiction. this is about 45 minutes. [applause] gov. raimondo: thank you.